Every day hundreds of people travelÂ through the park Clapham Common in the south of England’s capital, but very few people know of the existence of the tunnel system under the ground in this area.
London website reveals, in the West Campaign, the British government had to build a tunnel system underground refuge to thousands of British troops from the bombs of Nazi bombing campaign Blitz.
Although each day are hundreds of people passing through tunnels underneath the park Clapham Common in South London, but only very few people know about its existence.
Reportedly, the Department of Transport for London and the London Transport Museum has officially opened 1,300 combinations 30m tunnel deep underground for people to visit.
Shelter is designed for people who have nowhere to flee, 8,000 people could turn into the pit within 1 hour. Initially, shelter contemplated capital enough for 12,000 people, but because of the narrow stairs and many other factors, the capacity of the authorities has been reduced to 8,000.
“Secret tunnel” is designed with a kitchen, 2 medical room and 8 toilets. But not too sanitary issues were focused during the war, but every week have people come here to clean up. Most rooms in the basement are arranged bed 3 floors, the aim is to give thousands of people can quickly return to his seat in the shortest time period. Also, in the cellar there are storage areas, people losing their homes may bring the assets left over to put in here.
Construction was started in 1940, when Germany began bombing campaign and it took 8 months to complete it works entirely by hand digging this. As noted, there were 11 workers were killed during construction.
By the year 1944, the new cellar was officially put into use, when Germany began V1 and V2 rockets fired across the English Channel with the frequency of 100-150 fruit / day, leaving 2,700 people dead and 6,000 others injured .
In 1948, it re-opened again to welcome immigrants from the Caribbean and then 3 years is to welcome visitors to the Festival of Britain, a national exhibition to be held in various cities in the UK in summer 1951.
Initially, shelter contemplated capital enough for 12,000 people, but because of the narrow stairs and many other factors, the capacity of the authorities has been reduced to 8,000.
The tunnel is designed from the 1920s, is considered the first version of Crossrail underground railway system, 40m deep underground with an investment of $ 20 billion, is expected to be completed in 2018.